Edward Atkinson Hornel (1864-1933)

Edward Atkinson Hornel (1864–1933) was a Scottish painter of landscapes, flowers, and foliage, with children. He was a cousin of James Hornell. He was born in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria Australia, on 17 July 1864 of Scottish parents, and he was brought up and lived practically all his life in Scotland after his family moved back to Kirkcudbright in 1866 when he was two years old. He studied for three years at the Trustees Academy art school at Edinburgh 1880-1883, and for two years at the Academy in Antwerp in the company of W S MacGeorge under Professor Verlat 1883-85. Returning from Antwerp in 1885, he met George Henry and associated himself with the Glasgow Boys. The two shared a studio in Glasgow and painted along side each other in Kirkcudbright. Thier friendship was to influence both of them for the rest of their lives. Hornel and Henry collaborated upon The Druids Bringing in the Mistletoe (1890), a procession of druidic priests bringing in the sacred mistletoe, gorgeous with polychrome and gold. The two worked side by side to achieve decorative splendor of color, Hornel boldly and freely employing texture effects produced by loading and scraping, roughening, smoothing, and staining. In 1893–94 the two artists spent a year and a half in Japan, where Hornel learned much about decorative design and spacing. In 1895 he contributed the illustration Madame Chrysanthème to the Autumn volume of The Evergreen: A Northern Seasonal published by Patrick Geddes and Colleagues in Edinburgh. Towards the close of the nineties Hornel's colors, while preserving their glow and richness, became more refined and more atmospheric, and his drawing more naturalistic, combining sensuous appeal with emotional and poetic significance. In 1901 he declined election to the Royal Scottish Academy. A member of Glasgow Art Club, Hornel exhibited in the club's annual exhibitions. In 1901 he acquired Broughton House, a townhouse and garden in Kirkcudbright, which was his main residence for the rest of his life with his sister Elizabeth. There he made several modifications to the house and designed the garden taking inspiration from his travels in Japan. He also made an addition of a gallery for his paintings. On his death the house and library were donated for the benefit of the citizens and Broughton House is now administered by the National Trust for Scotland. There are examples of his works in the museums of Aberdeen, Buffalo, Bradford, St. Louis, Toronto, Montreal, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Leeds, Manchester, Hull, Bath, and Liverpool.

Elected ROI 1904, having declined ARSA 1901. A member of the Society of 25 Artists. Exhibited Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Academy, Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Glasgow Institute (103), Aberdeen Artists' Society and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool (43)