Gerrard van Honthorst (1592-1689)

Gerard van Honthorst (Dutch: Gerrit van Honthorst; 4 November 1592 – 27 April 1656) was a Dutch Golden Age painter who became known for his depiction of artificially lit scenes, eventually receiving the nickname Gherardo delle Notti ("Gerard of the Nights"). Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter.

Cornelius Johnson (1593-1661) was a portrait painter born in London of Dutch parents. He was also known as Johnson or Jonson van Ceulen (Cologne). Later variants of his name include Jansen or Janssens. He most likely trained in Holland, returning to London around 1618. He was one of the foremost portrait painters in England until Van Dyck arrived in 1632. After the start of the Civil War, Jonson retired to Holland, where he died. His son had the same name was also a portrait painter.
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