Alfred Lomnitz (1892-1953)
Alfred Lomnitz (1892-1953) was a German painter, graphic artist and designer of Jewish denomination, later exile artist in England. He is attributed to the artists of the lost generation. Lomnitz attended the elementary school and the Friedrich-Wilhelm secondary school in Eschwege. His career aspiration as graphic artist and painter surprised no one in his family, as already several painters, poets and authors came from the family. On September 14, 1909 Lomnitz left Eschwege and moved to Kassel . There he probably did an internship for his future job. From October 1910 to October 1912 he attended in Weimar, the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Applied Arts. He was a student of Professor Henry van de Velde, but was strongly influenced by Paul Klee, who also taught there. Afterwards, he returned to Kassel once more and on 9 October 1912 he left for Berlin. There he continued his education. When he was conscripted for military service, he already described himself as a painter. After the First World War, he was back in Eschwege for a while. In 1923 Lomnitz married in Berlin. In three districts he ran the studios Litz for painting, graphics and design. In addition to his actual work as a painter and graphic designer, he designed vending machines for coffee and sandwiches. Despite the then poor economic situation, Lomnitz undertook study trips to Paris, Ascona and Lake Maggiore. In 1926 he exhibited again in the gallery Neumann (now Neumann-Nierendorf), in which Max Beckmann, Marc Chagall, Otto Dix, Paul Klee, Oskar Kokoschka and other world-renowned artists were offered. Many of these painters knew Lomnitz personally. Alfred Lomnitz recognized early on the dangers that emanated from the National Socialist government in 1933 and emigrated to England. In London, he first worked as a freelance graphic designer and had an exhibition of his works in 1934 at the Ryman Gallery in Oxford. He worked as a graphic artist and window designer for well-known companies such as Lyons Tea, Brodericks, Simpsons, Wolesley and finally as an advertising manager for Swears and Wells. Since Lomnitz was a German citizen, he was in 1940 or 1941, interned in the Liverpool suburb of Huyton. After the war, Alfred Lomnitz did not return to Germany- only through his exhibitions in the Free Secession and in the November Group. In 1919 Lomnitz had his first own exhibition in the Berlin gallery Neumann under the title: Woodcuts by Alfred Lomnitz , the works were predominantly signed with LOM. For the time until 1923 there are no documents about his further career and whereabouts. His middle name indicates his affiliation to the Jewish community.